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The Scale of the Universe and How We Measure It

Students often ask about the existence of the largest, smallest, or most distance objects that exist. These questions undeniably provide intellectual entertainment, especially when we can visualize the answers with ease. Take a look at this beautiful interactive animation created by Cary and Michael Huang to get a sense of the the kinds of distances and sizes that exist in the universe, and then look at the Royal Museums Greenwich animation that introduces the physics of measuring distances to macroscopic objects in the Universe. The video skips the details of how some of the distances are calculated but is a good starting point for further geometrical explorations that are not beyond the school curriculum.